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亿能部落格---观察思维比思维本身更重要

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光行者的存在不在于他们真的能唤醒人类或者改变人类,而在于人类世界走向几近崩溃的时候能够站出来建立一套持久永恒的生活模式。

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《我们赖以生存的隐喻》中的重点  

2013-04-04 11:03:53|  分类: 混沌启示录 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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我们赖以生存的隐喻概念
 1. George had discovered linguistic evidence showing that metaphor is
pervasive in everyday language and thought—evidence that did not fit any contemporary
Anglo-American theory of meaning within either linguistics or philosophy.

2. Metaphor is for most people a device of the poetic imagination and the rhetorical flourish—a
matter of extraordinary rather than ordinary language. Moreover, metaphor is typieully
viewed as characteristic of language alone, a matter of words rather than thought or action.
For this reason, most people think they can get along perfectly well without metaphor. We
have found, on the contrary, that metaphor is pe rvasive in everyday life, not just in language
but in thought and action. Our ordinary conceptual system, in terms of which we both think
and act, is fundamentally metaphorical in nature.

3. Our conceptual system thus plays a central role in defining our everyday realities.

4.It is important to see that we don't just  talk about arguments in terms of war. We can
actually win or lose arguments. We see the person we are arguing with as an opponent. We
attack his positions and we defend our own. We gain and lose ground. We plan and use
strategies.

5.Though there is no physical battle, there is a verbal battle, and the structure of an
argument —attack, defense, counterattack, etc. —reflects this.

6.The essence of metaphor is under-standing and experiencing one kind of
thing in terms of another.

7  it should be understood that metaphor means metaphorical concept.

隐喻的系统化
1. IDEAS  (Or  MEANINGS) ARE OBJECTS. LINGUISTIC EXPRESSIONS ARE CONTAINERS.
COMMUNICATION IS SENDING. 


方位隐喻
1.physical basis... cultural basis...social basis...

空间隐喻

本体隐喻
 A race, for example, is an event, which is viewed as a discrete entity. The race
exists  in space and time, and it has well-defined boundaries.
Hence we view it as a CONTAINER OBJECT, having in it 
participants (which are objects), events like the start and finish (which are metaphorical objects), and
the activity of running (which is a metaphorical substance). Thus we can say of a race:
Are you in the race on Sunday? (race as  CONTAINER OBJECT) Are you going to the race? (race as
OBJECT)

 

我们赖以生存的隐喻》(Metaphors We Live By)(英文版).pdf - ...

莱考夫和约翰逊(Lakoff & Johnson)于1980年出版的《我们赖以生存的隐喻》(Metaphor We Live By)是公认的认知语言学隐喻系统研究的开始,在国外隐喻研究中具有很大...
www.chnxp.com.cn/soft/down-32...html 2013-3-17 - 百度快照

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